From the difference between perfume and cologne to defining different fragrance families, we've put together a fragrance glossary explaining everything you need to know about scents.
There hasn’t been a beauty product that’s quite captured the world’s attention as much as [fragrance](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance). With a history that spans over centuries, it’s still to this day one of the most sought-after gifts and has the innate ability to make us feel transformed in seconds. Intoxicating, captivating and unique, there’s truly a scent for every person. In celebration of National Fragrance Week, we’ve complied together a glossary of essential fragrance terms that every novice or fanatic needs to know about. From the difference between [perfume](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance?prefn1=beauty-fragrance-concentration&prefv1=Eau%20de%20Parfum) and [cologne](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance?prefn1=beauty-fragrance-concentration&prefv1=Eau%20de%20Cologne), to [citrus](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance?prefn1=beauty-fragrance-scenttype&prefv1=Citrus), [oriental](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance?prefn1=beauty-fragrance-scenttype&prefv1=Oriental%2FSpicy) and [floral](https://www.fenwick.co.uk/beauty/fragrance?prefn1=beauty-fragrance-scenttype&prefv1=Floral) aromas, here’s hoping this will guide you to your signature scent.
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##### Types of Fragrance


Originally derived from Cologne in Germany, cologne is the lightest type of fragrance and consists of around 2-5% of perfume oil and alcohol. Typically, they last on the skin for two hours and come encased in larger bottles.

Try: Acqua di Parma Colonia Intensa, £110

Eau de Parfum (EDP)

Used to describe fragrances for men and women, parfum contains around 15-20% of pure perfume essence and is the strongest in concentration. Lasting anywhere from five to eight hours, they are the most popular choice in fragrance.

Try: Van Cleef & Arpels Collection Extraordinaire Orchidée Vanille, £130

Eau de Toilette (EDT)

Lighter than perfume but stronger than cologne, Eau de Toilette is a fragrance that has a 5-10% concentration of perfume oil and alcohol. Made to linger for three hours, they are normally reserved for daytime wear.

Try: Van Cleef & Arpels First, £62

##### Scent Formulations

Top Notes

The lightest of the notes, top notes are the scents you first recognise when you smell a fragrance. They are important as they create the first impression, but are also the first to face and typically consist of citrus and fruits.

Try: Tocca Maya, £68

Base Notes

Typically the scent you notice after top and heart notes wear off, base notes are the heaviest ingredients in a perfume formula and they help to enhance the longevity of other notes. They normally include amber and sandalwood.

Try: Tocca Gia, £98


Natural fragrances are scents that are purely formulated with plants and botanical extracts.

Try: Clarins Eau Dynamisante Splash Bottle, £52

##### **Fragrance Families**


Not to be confused with fruity fragrances though similar, citrus refers to scents that are zesty or tangy and evoke a revitalizing feel. Often, they are comprised of lemon, bergamot or mandarin.

Try: diptyque Eau des Sens, £98


Evoking a refreshing or zesty smell, fresh fragrances are often reminiscent of herbal and greenery aromas. Made with notes of lavendar, basil or rosemary, they can also include aquatic smells for a breezy feel.

Try: Tom Ford Neroli Portofino Acqua, £117


Ranging from light and delicate scents, to intense aromas, floral fragrances are one of the broadest fragrance families and are defined by sweet, flowery scents. Often notes such as roses, jasmine and lilies are classified as floral fragrances.

Try: diptyque Do Son, £98


One of the easiest fragrance types to identify, fruity fragrances are often grouped with citrus families, but encompass all fruity notes and include berries and sweet florals.

Try: Goutal La Violette, £110


One of the most popular fragrance categories, oriental/spicy refers to warm, amber-like scents that normally include vanilla and tonka bean notes.

Try: Yves Saint Laurent Opium, £78


Made from the resin of the Aquilaria tree, Oud is an ingredient that emits a woody, tobacco-like aroma and is used to create intense fragrances.

Try: Perris Monte Carlo Oud Imperial, £225

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